I'd argue that BD2 referenced a tradition rather than a specific artwork. Here's another instance of a painting of Judgment Day:
When you compare both paintings to FFXV's "Genesis" mural...
...it becomes clear that the reference is to a theme as opposed to a specific painting.
With that said, the thematic appropriation is impossible to deny. There's the stratification of creation into heavenly, earthly, and demonic, the centrality of the savior, the host around the savior, the angels judging the damned... if BD2 didn't reference art depicting Judgement Day when making that, I'll eat my non-existent hat. XD